Enhanced Cognitive Function and Antidepressant-Like Effects After Krill Oil Supplementation in Rats


After 7 weeks of krill oil (KO) intake, both males and females treated with KO were significantly better in discriminating between the active and the inactive levers in the ALSAT from day 1 of training . Both KO and IMIP … Continue reading

Unbiased Guide to Choosing the Best Omega-3 Supplement


Best Omega-3 to take home? Check this report to find your product of preference within the Omega-3 world, written by Yuri Elkaim.  

Acute appearance of fatty acids in human plasma – Comparative study between polar-lipid rich oil from microalgae Nannochloropsis oculata and krill oil in healthy young males


The long-chain n-3 fatty acids eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) have human health benefits and alternatives to fish as sources of EPA and DHA are needed. Oil from the micro-algae Nannochloropsis oculata contains a significant amount of EPA linked … Continue reading



This was part of the MSc thesis presented to The Faculty of the School of Marine Science, The College of William & Mary in Virginia (USA) by Kate Elizabeth Ruck in 2012. In the larger context of the Western Antarctic Peninsula … Continue reading

Australia’s Contribution to Antarctic Climate Science


Australia’s involvement in CCAMLR is long dated, with CCAMLR’ head office located in Tasmania. Australia’s contribution to Antarctic climate science is well known and highly respected. This 2008 report was edited by D. Michael Stoddart from the Australian Antarctic Division. … Continue reading

Enzymatic Synthesis of Phenolic Lipids from Krill Oil in Solvent-Free Media and their Micro-encapsulation


The “solvent-free krill oil” has become the target for all krill oil manufacturers since Tharos’  first IP in 2009.  Krill oils, except Tharos’, are manufactured using solvents in any stage of their process. And the market has slowly come up … Continue reading

Evaluation of the Biological Toxicity of Fluorine in Antarctic krill


Although this research was published March 2014 in Advances in Polar Science, it is a very actual matter that impacts krill meal and krill oil sales, sustained by Tharos’ market research. Fluorine (F) toxicity is a matter of real concern. … Continue reading

Zinc-65 Uptake and Retention From Seawater by Euphausia pacifica


This 1966 thesis analyzed (Zn)zinc-65 uptake and retention from seawater by Euphausia pacifica, depending on temperature, size of animal and concentration of Zn in the water. Read full report here.

Marine phospholipids—a dietary approach to tumor-associated weight loss


Goals of work Advanced tumor disease very often evokes excessive loss of body weight. Among others, fish oil or marine fatty acid ethyl esters were investigated for treatment of cancer cachexia with controversial results. In this study, a new formulation of … Continue reading

Biomass Measures Assessment of Antarctic Krill


Good day Friends and Colleagues. The Antarctic Marine Living Resources program of the NOAA Southwest Fisheries Science Center’s Antarctic Ecosystem Research Division has been conducing research surveys of Antarctic krill (Euphausa superba) around the Antarctic peninsula since the late 1980s. … Continue reading

Antarctic Food Web


Hello colleges and friends. A good reminder for all of us involved in the South Antarctic krill fishery, how important is krill on the fragile Antarctic Food WEB. Please see this very short version Antarctic Food Web_vF  

Omega-3′s Linked to Endocannabinoids – Link Between Fish Oil and Inflammation


Much has been said lately about the link between Omega3′s and cannabinoids, more specifically our own cannabinoids, the “endocannabinoids“. A thesis submitted in April 2012 to  fulfill the requirements for the degree of doctor at Wageningen University (The Netherlands) expands … Continue reading

Condition Indicators for Antarctic Krill – 2000 PhD Thesis


This is a 2000 South Korean PhD thesis addressing how South Antarctic krill manage its living in such harsh environment. The complexity was to find a reliable marker from where the resource can be evaluated. For example digestive enzymes, RNA … Continue reading

Distribution of Antarctic Krill and APEX Predators at South Orkney Islands (2014). Assessing Escape Mortality of Krill in Trawls


In 2014, the Norwegian Research Institute published an interesting report on its findings in the South Antarctic sea about krill fishing, escape from nets and biology. Worth review for those interested in this fishery. Please read at - Distribution of Antarctic … Continue reading

Is Antarctic Krill Management Precautionary?…..Part 3


Yes….but!!…there is still a road ahead to transit. Our latest report talks about how fishing regulations, commerce and geopolitical interests clash on the “Antarctic krill territory“. Tharos’ reviews November 2016 (latest) South Antarctic krill fishing regulations. They show that the industry, … Continue reading

Is Antarctic Krill Management Precautionary?…..Part 2


Yes, and how to better understand it ! This has been the primary goal of a multidisciplinary team of scientists and researchers, studying this species throughout a 90-year timeframe. The report addresses Antarctic krill and salps, both being major macroplankton contributors to … Continue reading

Is Antarctic Krill Management Precautionary?…..Part 1


Yes ! Local krill monitoring programs in Subareas 48.1, 48.2 and 48.3 indicate considerable interannual variability but provide no evidence of a systematic change in krill biomass since the CCAMLR-2000 Survey. Catches within subareas have always been ≤21% (and mainly … Continue reading

Tharos Krill Report: Production (Meal, Oil, Frozen) – Prices – China Situation


Dear colleagues, if you are searching for the latest on the South Antarctic krill fishery, China situation, market, production and price environment, see attached our latest report table of content. Ask us how to obtain this report. See here the … Continue reading

The Omega-3 Family. Working Material. Chemistry and Particulars


We are proud to share with you one of Tharos’ technical reports on the Omega-3 family. This is an internal working material used to understand the chemistry, risks and benefits of Omega-3s. It includes the understanding of the overall Omega-3 … Continue reading

How threatening is the Chinese involvement in the Antarctic krill fishery?


A recent Nutraingredients article reviewed the extent and implications of the Chinese Government support to its growing fishing fleet targeting the South Antarctic krill fishery (Euphausia superba, Dana). Their focus being primarily food-grade dried krill meals, are used inland (in China) … Continue reading

Finally Some Good Guidance – Canada Approves Health for EPA+DHA


On May 18, Health Canada’s Food Directorate announced the approval of an EPA/DHA triglyceride lowering health claim for foods containing at least 0.5 g (1.000mg) of EPA+DHA. This monograph is intended to serve as a guide to the industry for the … Continue reading

How much Omega3 daily consumption is enough?


At least 500mg (0,5gr) per day according to GOED, and almost three times that much according to Russian health authorities, while for the rest of the countries that have ventured applying such regulation, it falls around 250mg, as recently reported … Continue reading

Is there a bias in the media coverage against Omega3s health attributes?


We are of the opinion that media channels disseminating vast negative articles against the Omega3 community is not a random pattern, rather a concerted plan to discredit the Omega 3 category, and eventually the entire dietary supplement industry. Why some … Continue reading

Krill Meal and Krill Oil – Price and Tonnage Competitiveness vs Other fishmeals/Oils


Tharos has released this report edited Q3.2015 updating crucial aspects regarding krill meal and oils, more specifically on price and tonnage aspects. Since this report was terminated, krill meal prices has faced a downtrend curve, as krill oils. The former … Continue reading

Tharos Quality Accomplishment, Krill Oil Industry Update and the Chinese Perspective


This new Tharos report explores on the current status of the krill oil industry, China, Tharos technology achievements and industry challenges. It expands on latest prices. See full report Tharos Update (Ed.Dec.2015)-Krill Oil Industry Update and China

Omega-3 Fish Oil Products – An Update on the Quality of Australian and New Zealand Products

Omega3 Centre

What can you do in the face of a ‘flawed’ omega-3 research study? This report appeared on a recent article by Kevin Krail, Executive Director from the Australian and New Zealand Omega-3 Centre, appearing in Food Navigator. It addresses a … Continue reading

n-3 Fatty acid derived endocannabinoids: a new link between fish oil and inflammation

Wageningen University

2012 Thesis by Mr. Michiel G.J. Balers expands on Omega 3′s fatty acid derived endocannabinoids as a new link between fish oil and inflammation. It is well established that dietary n-3 fatty acid intake is associated with anti-inflammatory effects. The … Continue reading

Tharos South Antarctic Krill Business Overview


Tharos latest report outlines the South Antarctic Krill industry; its structure, who’s who and products.  Why krill oil is not yet called the most dominant krill product in terms of tonnage and revenue generation. Quite on the contrary, in tonnage … Continue reading

Why it is Better to Manufacture Phospholipid’s Enriched Krill Oils At-Sea


Tharos’ (at sea) krill oil extraction process opens a new category in the Omega-3 industry.  Tharos keeps encouraging its customers to be informed of what type of krill oil they consume, who’s the manufacturer, if the label gives clean and … Continue reading

Krill Oil Prices Update


What if a price war outbreaks among krill oil manufacturers? Several will succumb linked to high production costs and/or limited value proposals offered to a market that is eagerly looking  for new presentations, clean and environmental-friendly products. May 2015 Tharos’ … Continue reading

Krill Fishing and Conservation


This report comes from ICED (Integrating Climate and Ecosystem Dynamics in the Southern Ocean), BAS (British Antarctic Survey) and WWF (World Wildlife Foundation) workshop on “UNDERSTANDING THE OBJECTIVES FOR KRILL FISHING AND CONSERVATION IN THE SCOTIA SEA AND ANTARCTIC PENINSULA REGION” … Continue reading

Codex EPA+DHA Recommended Intake Update


EPA and DHA Omega 3′s intake will soon have its daily intake recommendation issued by CODEX, and with it, a strong push for its final positioning as a relevant nutrient for human health. The main conclusions suggest that increased consumption of … Continue reading

South Antarctic Krill Fishery Sustainability


SupplySide insights April 2015 publication addresses South Antarctic krill fishery and its market positioning. Despite the great concern regarding krill overfishing, this is strictly regulated by the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR), the international organization … Continue reading

Residual Solvents: the Neglected Quality & Safety Attribute

chromadex(as JPG)

This ChromaDex Company report addresses the current lack of attention to the identity and testing for residual solvents in ingredients and products within the Dietary Supplement industry. Solvent extracted compounds, specifically in the area Tharos is heavily involved as it … Continue reading

Krill Meal and Krill Oil – How price and tonnage competitive are they with other fishmeal and oils?


Latest Tharos report addresses current fishmeal supply constraints and its impact in fishmeal prices vs. krill meal capability, if any, to overcome, price-competitively, such constraint. For fish oils, krill oil is far from been an alternative for other pelagic-origin fish … Continue reading

NIFES Reports Low Levels of Contaminants in Marine Oils

Sin título

NIFES Reports Low Levels of Contaminants in Marine Oils (2013). Includes krill oil. Continue reading

Residual Solvents: The Neglected Quality & Safety Attribute


USA Corporation Chromadex recently released a report regarding residual solvents and their risk when not properly monitored.  For solvents, these are used to produce or are produced in the manufacture of drug substances, dietary ingredients or excipients and in the … Continue reading

New Zealand Grants Processing Protection Rights to Tharos’ Krill Oil


Same as with Australia, the Intellectual Property Office of New Zealand has just accepted Tharos’ unique krill oil extraction process patenting rights. New Zealand acceptance shows Tharos Ltd krill oil extraction process to be unique and novel in terms of … Continue reading

Australia Grants Processing Protection Rights to Tharos’ Krill Oil


Tharos has been officially informed by the Australian Government Patent Office of its acceptance of Tharos Ltd krill oil extraction process. The process allows krill oil to be manufactured onboard fishing vessels, at-sea, directly where the capture takes place and 100% … Continue reading

(2010) South Antarctic Krill Oil History


Mid 2010 Tharos generated a short summary of the history of the  krill oil business and Tharos´ involvement in this industry. Several of current krill operators are listed and how Tharos cooperated with them, directly and indirectly. This is an … Continue reading

Antarctic Climate Change Impact – Winners and Losers

Sin título

Following Tharos’ reports on Antarcic Climate change and its impact in krill fishing and other species, this report reinstates that climate change is a major threat to global biodiversity. Antarctic ecosystems are no exception. Climate change produces ‘winners’, species that … Continue reading

Antarctic Climate Change Impact – Climate Change in West Antarctic Peninsula


 (GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, VOL. 32, L19604, doi:10.1029/2005GL024042, 2005) - Meredith, M. P., and J. C. King (2005), Rapid climate change in the ocean west of the Antarctic Peninsula during the second half of the 20th century, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L19604, … Continue reading

Antarctic Climate Change Impact – US National Security and the Threat of Climate Change


This is a challenging report issued in May 2014 by the CNA Military Advisory Board.   Much has been written about the climate change impact on South Antarctic commercial activities and overall species’ habitat within the South Antarctic region.  This report … Continue reading

Impacts of Global Warming on Polar Ecosystems (Impact in Krill Condition)


  (by Mr. Victor Smetacek from the Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research Bremerhaven, Germany) The “food chain of the giants” = diatoms-krill-whales. The current understanding is that after the near extinction of the stocks of great whales … Continue reading

Harvesting Krill Ecological Impact. Assessment. Products and Markets (UBC 1995)


This 1995 report from the University of British Columbia challenge Krill biomass assessment technologies, e.g abundance versus acoustic, the latter used for fish larger than krill.  It gathers various authors’ contributions on this matter. Modeling krill population dynamics is subject to … Continue reading

Updated Tharos’ Mission


In our mission to be a reliable, knowledgeable and high-caliber participant in the krill industry, Tharos is shifting part of its original mandate. In our 25 years’ work in the krill industry we have mostly delivered Tharos’ proprietary engineering, technical … Continue reading

Biological and Chemical Impact of Krill Fishing Seasonality (June 2014)


Tharos’ patent of the first ever solvent-free onboard (at-sea) krill oil extraction process, used more than 30-years of research conducted at sea and on shore. Krill unique biological and chemical features affect fishing and by default oil extraction yield and oil … Continue reading

Distribution of krill between South Georgia and Bouvet Island in the Southern Ocean


Master thesis from the University of Oslo, Norway, Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science. A 2009 thesis by Dag Lennart Nielsen which analyzed large and small-scale distribution of krill (Euphausia superba) between South Georgia and Bouvet Island in the … Continue reading

Quality and Safety of Krill Protein Concentrate


This is a Master of Science in Human Nutrition Thesis by Joseph Christopher Gigliotti. It was submitted to the Davis College of Agriculture, Forestry and Consumer Sciences at West Virginia University where professor Jacek Jaczynski, PhD. has done a significant contribution to … Continue reading

Krill and the Antarctic: Finding the Balance


This is a 1999 Thesis written as part of the Master of Science degree at the University of British Columbia by Emma Lee Bredesen. Although a 2003 thesis, it is relevant on today’s CCAMLR’s work willing to achieve the proper … Continue reading

Chinese Krill Market Report (Release September 2013)


This is the second of a series of reports referring to the Chinese krill market. Much has been said of the great Chinese potential but still the knowledge is limited about the complexities of dealing in this market.  This is valid … Continue reading

China Krill Processing Strategies (2013)


Following Tharos’ reports on China, this paper talks about the Chinese Processing Status and Utilization Strategies of Antarctic Krill (Euphausia superba). This report was written by Hai Chi, Xueying Li and Xianshi Yang from the East China Sea Fisheries Research … Continue reading

China Krill-End Products Sales


The sales growth shown by krill oils in China has had an impact on other krill presentations as shown on this release. Not only krill oil has become a more frequent ingredient in the Chinese diet, but also meats, sausages … Continue reading

Taiwan Krill Oil Sales


Similar to the Tharos’ 2009~2011 Chinese krill oil market research, Taiwan had a very low tonnage traded but also shows a steady 2-digit annual growth rate. The number of brands shown on the Q2 2011 report were even more limited … Continue reading

China Krill Oil Sales


Tharos’ 2009~2011 Chinese krill oil market research showed a small-volume market with a steady 2-digit annual growth rate.  The former has grown 3-time as much, with new brands and higher tonnage traded in China. The latter remains on the 2-digit … Continue reading

GOED Exchange Conference (Salt Lake City, USA) January 2011


The conference was set on a two-day closed sessions, addressing regulatory, marketing and sourcing concepts that affect and shapes the fish oil industry as a whole, EPA/DHA in particular. GOED Conference speakers, and attendees, agreed EPA/DHA to be the current … Continue reading

Aquatic Species Sustainability. Impact on Omega 3 Supply


This is a report issued by Supply Side Insights in collaboration with GOED. It gives a short snapshot of the Omega-3s-industry and aquatic sustainability principles. Consumer media has been known to portray a bleak picture of marine resource depletion but … Continue reading

Assessing status and change in Southern Ocean ecosystems


This is a research done by A. Constable (Australia), D. Costa (USA), E. Murphy (United Kingdom), E. Hofmann (USA), O. Schofield (USA), A. Press (Australia), N. Johnston (United Kingdom) and  L. Newman (Australia). This is CCAMLR’s Secretariat Document No. WG-EMM-13/36 submitted 17 June 2013. The prognosis for Antarctic krill … Continue reading

Potential Climate Change Effects on the Habitat of Antarctic Krill


This is a research done by Simeon L. Hill (British Antarctic Survey, UK), Tony Phillips (British Antarctic Survey, UK) and Angus Atkinson (Plymouth Marine Laboratory, UK) This is CCAMLR’s Secretariat Document No. WG-EMM-13/20 submitted 13 June 2013. Antarctic krill is an obligate cold water … Continue reading

Chinese Krill Market Report (Release June 2013)


This is first of a series of reports referring to the Chinese krill market. Much has been said of the great Chinese potential but still the knowledge is limited about the complexities of dealing in this market.  This is valid for … Continue reading

Ecosystem Services of the Southern Ocean: Trade-Offs in Decision-Making


Recently released by “Cambridge Press University”, this is an excellent review on krill biomass,  environmental and regulatory principles applied to the krill fishery. Written by Susie M. Grant, Simeon L. Hill, Philip N. Trathan and Eugene J. Murphy, addresses the South … Continue reading

Update Krill Industry Overview (v.April 2013)

This is the continuation of Tharos’ May 2012 abstract on the status of the South Antarctic krill industry. This an expanded summary of the report titled “Update Krill Industry Overview.  South Antarctic Krill Derivative Suppliers“. South Antarctic krill capture remained … Continue reading

Carotenoids Technology From Krill Waste Treatment (March 2013)

Logo UKR_2

In 2012, one of recent Tharos’ research was presented in Kiev (Ukraine) in the “II International Scientific and Practical Conference for Young Scientists and Students” The conference was sponsored by the Ukrainian Ministry of Education. This report is the continuation of … Continue reading

Update Krill Industry Overview

This is Tharos’ latest abstract on the status of the South Antarctic krill industry in terms of capture and prices for feed-grade meals and oils. This a summarized abstract of the report titled “Update Krill Industry Overview.  South Antarctic Krill … Continue reading

Update on Krill Lipids Processing (& Other Compounds)

Since end 80s, Tharos has been studying South Antarctic krill capabilities (Euphausia superba, Dana)  to become a high-quality source of lipids and other very special food-grade nutritional compounds. Since then, Tharos has performed valuable at-sea and on-shore research. It has partnered with … Continue reading

Updating Krill Operators (2007 Ukraine Research)

South American Krill (Euphausia superba) largest capture effort has shifted from traditional operators (ie. Japan, Russia, Ukraine) to new and more aggressive ones from Norway.  This report made in combination with Dr’s Bybik and Vinnov explored this trend back in … Continue reading


Euphausia superba, Dana Continue reading

South American (Antarctic) Marine Ingredients. Supply and Demand Outlook

South American marine-origin proteins and lipids by no means will keep pace with feed-grade ingredients demand. South Antarctic krill meal and oil neither. Continue reading

Tharos at Victam 2008. Krill as a Feed Ingredient Source for Aquaculture

Bangkok (Thailand) Victam Asia 2008
The (South Antarctic) Krill Industry – How far krill derivatives can become a real feed ingredient substitute? – Brief Industry Overview
Speaker: Dimitri Sclabos
    Krill, a term originally applied to “fis… Continue reading

Best On-Board Factory Trawler Production Mix


Financial and Commercial Analysis. Krill Meal/Oil versus Frozen Krill Meat (2009). Version 2008-2009.Abstract:
Financial and econometric matrix-calculations were built to re-evaluate
EBITDA result for a factory trawler operation targeting feed-grade
dr… Continue reading

Price Predictive Model

Econometrical Mathematical Model. Feed-Grade Krill Meal and Krill Oil Price Estimate (2009). In-depth
re-analysis of the South Antarctic Krill Industry and Tharos’ 2003-pricing
mathematical tool was performed. Porter and SWOT analysis remain strong o… Continue reading

Omega-3’s and Krill Oil (2009)


A 43-page final review on concept, chemistry and definition on lipids, fish oils and krill oils. Several medical applications as well as actual status on research has been outlined.

Krill Meal Fat Content

Seasonal Evolution (2009).

Much has been said about krill meal seasonal evolution on its lipid content. Tharos research has tried to demystified the prevalent concept that several processing krill meal processing layouts can yield either low or high… Continue reading

Krill Oil as a Novel Food (EU)


EFSA Scientific Opinion (pub. 2009). EFSA report approves Canadian Neptune Biotechnologies and Bioresources krill oil (NKOTM) as a Novel Food within the EU market. This was a work requested by the European Commission for the Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition … Continue reading

Best On Board Factory Trawler Production Mix


Financial and Commercial Analysis. Krill Meal/Oil versus Frozen Krill Meat (2008). Version 2007-2008. An economical evaluation was made for a pre-set number of krill products targeting human consumption, aquaculture-feed ingredients, pharmaceuticals and krill-derived nutraceutical end products. The research goal was … Continue reading

Soluble Proteins and Peptides


Processing Concepts Applied to the Krill Industry. Feed or Food? Market Research (2007- 2008, Pub. 2009).  There is a large market available for peptides in general and krill solubles’ and peptides in particular, being krill peptides’ manufactured from whole animal, … Continue reading

South Antarctic Krill Fishery Capture Review


Fishing LogBooks Analysis. Period 1999 – 2008 (pub. 2009).   Season 2008-2009 low catch result (South Antarctic krill, Euphausia superba) is not necessarily a confirmed trend of a coming regular and stable low-catch scenario that it is in direct relatio n … Continue reading

Krill Meal-Fish Meal Comparisons


Short key and relevant comparisons between widely used pelagic-fish meal versus krill meals in terms of (a) palatability; (b) Antioxidant properties; (c) Steroidal components; (d) lipids; (e) Fluoride.

Krill Oil-Fish Oil Comparisons (2008)


Key comparisons between pelagic-fish oil versus krill oil in terms of (a) benefit for aqua-purposes; (b) Benefits on cosmetic uses; (c) Krill oil pharmacological usage versus fish oil’s.

Lipids in Raw Krill

Seasonal Variations. Internal Working Material. Not-Statistical Validated Average All Regions CCAMLR FAO 48). Version R&D 2008 (Pub. 2008) A different pattern on raw krill fat content was analyzed within end 2008 mid 2009 krill fishing seasons. R… Continue reading

Reducing Fluoride Content From Raw Krill Being Processed Into Krill Meal

Deboning Principle and Applicability (2008). Actual krill meal fluoride content in the vicinity of 1 500-2 000ppm can be safely used on aquafeeds. Nonetheless, fluoride content in feed-based raw ingredients is gaining concern on raw material’s fluo… Continue reading

The (South Antarctic) Krill. Industry Report.

Bangkok (Thailand) VICTAM Conference Speech (2008) Exploratory fishing for Krill commenced in the early 1960s with catch levels being initially low. Since early 1970s, Krill catches rose steadily from 19 700 tons in 1973/1974 to a peak of 528 000 tons… Continue reading

South Antarctic Krill Players

Competition or Cooperation?? SWOT Analysis 2007- 2008.  Capture and processing data was collected from all actual South Antarctic operators in order to asses this fishery, capture and processing potential for season 2007~2008 9and further). As insta… Continue reading

Analysis of Dioxins, Furans and Dioxin-Like PCB’s in Feed and Food


List of European Laboratories (2008). Summarized of EU laboratories that Tharos has considered suitable for proper Furans, Dioxins and PCB’s analysis. LaboratoriesEuropeDioxins

Why Hydrolysis ?? (2008)

Several questions were Tharos’ primary understanding focus; (a) Why make on-board (or on-shore) hydrolysates instead of dried meals?; (b) Why should someone bother doing this?; (c) What is the value of breaking down proteins into smaller pieces?. … Continue reading

On-Board Evaporation Processing Options


Financial and Technical Analysis (2007). Alternative evaporation solutions were analyzed for a theoretical 7 700GRT factory trawler targeting South Antarctic krill resource. The concept is an evaporator designed for recovering a solvent or solutes from a solution. Different types of … Continue reading

Fluoride on Krill End-Products (2007)

All krill species contain high levels of natural organic fluoride in their shells, a feature that South Antarctic krill fisheries will have to take into account when assessing actual and potential products. Krill meal typical processing considers who… Continue reading

Krill Oil Nutritional Aspects (2007)

South Antarctic Krill, Euphausia superba is one of the largest unutilized protein sources in the Antarctic Ocean and is drawing the attention of the world as a source of protein and other biological compounds, like krill oil. This high quality krill… Continue reading

Krill Oil Extraction Companies

Quality and Model Comparisons (2007). All actual relevant krill oil extracting corporations have been analyzed in order to evaluate; (a) Quality of end-products; (b) Residual solvents which affects end-quality; (c) Market potential; (d) Business model … Continue reading

Lipids in Raw Krill

Seasonal Variations. Internal Working Material. Average All Regions CCAMLR FAO 48). Version R&D 2006 (Pub. 2006). South Antarctic raw krill lipid content varies mainly dependant on seasonality, fishing ground and krill’s own biologically conditio… Continue reading

Undesirable Substances in Animal Feeds on Dioxin-Like and PCBs


European Regulation. COMMISSION DIRECTIVE 2006/13/EC (2006). Undesirable Substances in Animal Feeds on Dioxin-Like and PCBs In the following link you will find a chart with the undesirable substances in animal feed. Categorized by different substances such as Arsenic, Lead, Fluorine, … Continue reading

Krill Meal MSDS (Feed-Grade) (2006)


The following link is Tharos´report on Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS), specifically on south antarctic krill meal (Euphausia superba, Dana). The report consists on 16 sections from product name and company identification to ecological and and physical properties. MSDS_Krill_Meal_F

Krill Meal Nutritional Aspects (2005)


Krill meal has shown significant benefits for fish and different species of shrimp. It is an ideal ingredient for the formulation of balanced feeds. It is also easy to handle and to incorporate during feed manufacturing subject that certain parameters … Continue reading

Whole Frozen Krill


Basic Information. Basic quality patterns are described, not necessarily similar neither match all whole round krill producers.   WholeFrozenKrill.BasicInformation

Frozen Krill Meats

Nutritional Information and Quality Parameters (2005). Canned
or frozen krill meats hold similar quality parameters although presentation and
marketable conditions differ each other. 
While frozen meats have a light marine and sweet flavor, combined… Continue reading

Canned and Frozen Krill Meats

Processing Layout (2003).  Canned
and frozen krill meat’s processing follows a complex layout in relation to the
processing specifics rather equipment complexity. On-Board krill meat
processing adds peeling, thermal, cleaning and separation steps … Continue reading

Raw Krill Coloration and Sizing Patterns (2004)

South Antarctic raw krill shows clear color patterns
throughout the season.  Whitish and
reddish colors are available and the entire range between them. Each operator’s
production goal will determine which is the most suitable coloration for its
f… Continue reading

Dried Krill Meal Processing Options

Ukraine (2003).  Dried krill
meal processing follow different layouts depending on owners processing
decisions.  Ukrainian process follows
long-known cooking-press-drying concepts added to antioxidant and milling
principles.  New on-board processi… Continue reading

Price Predictive Model

Econometrical Mathematical Model. Feed-Grade Krill Meal and Krill Oil Price Estimate (2003). The present research developed an FOB price-predictive model for high and low quality krill meal, and a market positioning strategy for precooked frozen Krill … Continue reading

Heavy Metals


Guidance Document. EU Commission Directorate-Document SCFCAH-SAN/04-2003/8/001 (2003). EU’s 2003 report on heavy metals and undesirable compounds. This document covers two parts: (Part I) List of documents that the EU analyzed for the elaboration of this report; (Part II) The discussion … Continue reading